Air France and British Airways have been the only operators to operate all four variants of the A320ceo family. [84] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. [59], Offering 10% more overhead bin volume, more shoulder room, a weight reduction, a new intercom and in-flight entertainment system, noise reduction and slimmer PSU, the enhanced Cabin can be retrofitted. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. Eine Gewähr kann nicht übernommen werden. The Airbus factory in Tianjin, China assembles A319s, A320s, and A321s; A320s and A321s are also assembled at the Airbus Americas factory in Mobile, Alabama. In early 1998, Airbus revealed its considerations of designing a 100-seat aircraft based on the A320. Seating from 100 to 240 passengers and flying throughout the world, with the widest single-aisle cabin, an A320 takes off or lands every 1.6 seconds. The family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire and side-stick flight controls in airliners. [8] The aircraft is the smallest product of Airbus's product range, and was developed coincidentally at the same time as the largest commercial aircraft in history, the Airbus A380. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies I agree. The only analogue instruments were the radio-magnetic indicator and brake pressure indicator. Bleiben Sie gespannt! ist ein rein privates Webprojekt. The Airbus A321 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short to medium range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin engine jet airliners and carries 185 to 236 passengers. I agree to the terms and conditions of the Privilege Club Programme. Besonderer Schwerpunkt ist das grosse Flugzeuglexikon mit technischen Daten und Fotos zu fast allen jemals in Serie produzierten Motorflugzeugen. Also known as the A320M-7, it is a shortened, minimum-change version of the A320 with four frames fore of the wing and three frames aft of the wing removed. [34] The engines were to be supplied from two Rolls-Royce BR715s, CFM56-9s, or the Pratt & Whitney PW6000s;[11][34] with the MTOW of 53.3 t (118,000 lb) for the smaller version and 58 t (128,000 lb) for the AE317, the thrust requirement were 77.9–84.6 kN (17,500–19,000 lbf) and 84.6–91.2 kN (19,000–20,500 lbf), respectively. [43] Production rates continue to rise, and Airbus aims to reach a production rate of 63 aircraft per month by 2021, which would result in the 10,000th delivery occurring early that year. The A320 is 37.6 m (123 ft) long and can accommodate 150 to 186 passengers. [112], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. [11][25] Its launch came on 24 November 1988 after commitments for 183 aircraft from 10 customers were secured. [22], In the presence of then French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac and the Prince and Princess of Wales, the first A320 was rolled out of the final assembly line on 14 February 1987 and made its maiden flight on 22 February in 3 hours and 23 minutes from Toulouse. The A320 wing went through several stages of design, finally settling on 33.91 m (111 ft 3 in). Code-Listen für Flugzeuge, Fluggesellschaften und Flughäfen werden kostenlos angeboten, die beispielsweise Anbieter der Reisebranche nutzen können. [63] The first V2500 variant, the V2500-A1, has a thrust output of 25,000 pounds-force (110 kN),[21] hence the name. An Airbus A380 can provide seating from 525 to 853 passengers. [76], For the entire A320 family, 159 major aviation accidents and incidents have occurred,[106] including 47 hull loss accidents (latest one being Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 on 22 May 2020),[107] and a total of 1393 fatalities. Power on the A320 would be supplied by two CFM56-5-A1s rated at 25,000 lbf (111.2 kN). [11] The Dash 200 had centre tank activated, increasing fuel capacity from 15,590 to 23,430 L (3,429 to 5,154 imp gal). [91][92] Upon resale, the aircraft can be reconfigured as a standard A319 by removing its extra tanks and corporate cabin outfit, thus maximising its resale value. The A380 has a total flying range of 15,200 km which means that it’s used to service two of the longest non-stop flights in the world: Emirates Auckland-Dubai and Qantas Dallas/Fort Worth-Sydney. GmbH & CO KG, MJET and Reliance Industries are among its users. When Airbus designed the Airbus A300 during the late 1960s and early 1970s, it envisaged a broad family of airliners with which to compete against Boeing and Douglas, two established US aerospace manufacturers. [45] Its wing is long and thin, offering better aerodynamic efficiency because of the higher aspect ratio than the competing 737 and MD-80. I also agree to receiving communications by email, post, SMS or social media about my membership account, offers and news from Qatar Airways and Privilege Club, Privilege Club partner offers … Die A320 ist die Ursprungsversion der A320-Familie (single-aisle). [88] The A319's launch customer, in fact, was ILFC, which had placed an order for six A319s by 1993. [11] The shrink was achieved through the removal of four fuselage frames fore and three aft of the wing, cutting the overall length by 3.73 metres (12 ft 3 in). The A319 was developed at the request of Steven F. Udvar-Házy, the former president and CEO of ILFC. [27] The maiden flight of the first of two prototypes came on 11 March 1993. The 124-156 seats A319 is 33.8 m (111 ft) long. The launch customer AerCap signed a firm contract on 16 July 2008 to convert 30 of AerCap's passenger A320/A321s into A320/A321P2F (passenger to freighter). [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. [53] They save US$220,000 and 700 t of CO2 per aircraft per year. [28] A total of 4,512 of the A320ceo model have been delivered, with 220 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017. Freebird Airlines added another 3 Airbus A320 aircraft with the registration TC-FHG, TC-FHM and TC-FHN in January, March and August,... More Freebird Airlines Attends ITB Berlin. [8] A 10th variation, conceived in 1973, later the first to be constructed, was designated the A300B10. The AE31X project was terminated by September 1998, after which Airbus officially announced an aircraft of its own, the A318,[11] at that year's Farnborough Airshow. [3], The A318 was born out of mid-1990 studies between Aviation Industries of China (AVIC), Singapore Technologies Aerospace, Alenia and Airbus on a 95- to 125-seat aircraft project. [55] The winglets increase efficiency by decreasing lift-induced drag. "[69], Early A320s used the Intel 80186 and Motorola 68010. Alle Werbeeinnahmen werden direkt wieder in die Webseite investiert (z.B. [27] The fuselage was lengthened by four plugs (two ahead and two behind the wings), giving the A321 an overall length of 6.94 metres (22 ft 9 in) longer than the A320. As the A320 began operations in 1988, the A321 was launched as its first derivative. United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi Amiri Flight), Brussel/Bruxelles - Brussels Airport (EBBR / BRU), A320-111, A320-211, A320-212, A320-214, A320-215, A320-216, A320-231, A320-232, A320-233. [85], In 1988, the value of a new A320 was $30 million, reaching $40 million by the end of the 1990s, a 30% increase lower than the inflation, it dipped to $37 million after 2001, then peaked to $47 million in 2008, and stabilised at $40–42 million until the transition to the A320neo.[86]. It includes 63 A318, 1,406 A319 (1,404 ceo + 2 neo), 5,457 A320 (4,366 ceo + 1,091 neo) and 2,127 A321 (1,721 ceo + 406 neo) aircraft. The 107-seater was launched on 26 April 1999 with the options and orders count at 109 aircraft. During the year, Airbus worked with Delta Air Lines on a 150-seat aircraft envisioned and required by the airline. Zur Gewichtseinsparung wird beim A320 in umfangreichem Maße von Verbundwerkstoffen aus Kunstharzen und Verstärkungen aus Kohle- oder Kevlar-Fasern Gebrauch gemacht. Showing posts with the label boeing 747 gewicht. [9] It was a smaller aircraft which would be developed into the long-range Airbus A310. The aircraft seats up to 39 passengers, but may be outfitted by the customers into any configuration. [10][11] It was abandoned after intruding on A310 specifications. The A320 is one aircraft in four sizes (A318, A319, A320 and A321), representing the most successful and versatile jetliner family ever. [13][14] It was based at the then British Aerospace (formerly Vickers) site in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. [20] Cyprus Airways became the first to place order for V2500-powered A320s in November 1984, followed by Pan Am with 16 firm orders and 34 options in January 1985, then Inex Adria. Plans from a number of European aircraft manufacturers called for a successor to the relatively successful BAC One-Eleven, and to replace the 737-200 and DC-9. On 23 March 1995, the first A319 underwent final assembly at Airbus' German plant in Hamburg, where the A321s are also assembled. [41] By January 2019, Mobile was outputting 4.5 A320s per month, raising to five by the end of the year. The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. Airframes would be converted by Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (EFW) in Dresden, Germany, and Zhukovsky, Russia. Software, Serverbetrieb). © 2001 - 2019, Karsten Palt, Leipzig / Deutschland - Alle Rechte vorbehalten. March 2019 . The programme was called the AE31X, and covered the 95-seat AE316 and 115- to 125-seat AE317. Only 21 A320-100s were produced. It was rolled out on 24 August 1995, with the maiden flight the following day. [11] VFW-Fokker, Dornier and Hawker Siddeley worked on a number of 150-seat designs.[10]. [27] A total of 1,562 of the A321ceo model have been delivered, with 231 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017.[3]. Die Airbus A380 ist ein vierstrahliges Langstrecken Großraum-Verkehrsflugzeug mit zwei durchgängigen Passagierdecks für maximal 853 Passagiere des europäischen Herstellers Airbus. [3] The A319CJ competes with other ultralarge-cabin corporate jets such as the Boeing 737-700-based Boeing Business Jet (BBJ) and Embraer Lineage 1000, as well as with large-cabin and ultralong-range Gulfstream G650, Gulfstream G550 and Bombardier's Global 6000. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [3] In comparison, Boeing has shipped 10,444 737 series since late 1967, with 8,918[75] of those deliveries since March 1988,[76] and has a further 4,763 on firm order (as of 31 December 2018). All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified for 180 minutes since 2004 (EASA) and 2006 (FAA). [15] This project was considered the forerunner of Airbus A320, encompassing the 130- to 188-seat market, powered by two CFM56s. Der Airbus A320 war weltweit das erste Serienflugzeug mit Fly-by-Wire Steuerung und Side-Sticks statt Steuerhörner. The Toulouse Blagnac final assembly line builds A320s, whereas the Hamburg Finkenwerder final assembly line builds A318s, A319s, and A321s. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Die Webseite beschäftigt sich mit dem Thema Luftfahrt und Flugzeugen im allgemeinen. [110] The press and media later questioned the fly-by-wire flight control system, but subsequent investigations by commission of inquiry found "no malfunction of the aircraft or its equipment which could have contributed towards a reduction in safety or an increase in the crew's workload during the final flight phase ... the response of the engines was normal and in compliance with certification requirement. [83], The baseline A320 has given rise to a family of aircraft which share a common design but with passenger capacity ranges from 100, on the A318,[35] to 220, on the A321. Die fortschrittliche Systemtechnologie wird beim Anblick des Flugdecks sofort deutlich. [57], In 2007, Airbus introduced a new enhanced, quieter cabin with better luggage storage and a more modern look and feel, and a new galley reducing weight, increasing revenue space and improving ergonomics and design for food hygiene and recycling. Posts. [8] Although identical to those of the A320, these engines are derated because of the A319's lower MTOW. [31] Minor software changes were made to accommodate the different handling characteristics; otherwise the aircraft is largely unchanged. Its wing sweep is 25 degrees. [30] This came after a dispute between the French, who claimed the move would incur $150 million (€135 million) in unnecessary expenditure associated with the new plant,[11] and the Germans, arguing it would be more productive for Airbus in the long run. Die Webseite wurde zuletzt am 27.10.2019 aktualisiert. Boeing 747 Gewicht March 26, 2019 boeing 747 gewicht + 0 Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Other Apps; More posts Popular Posts Airbus A320 Assentos. Diese Webseite wird zurzeit noch optimiert und mit weiteren Funktionen ausgestattet um den Bedienungskomfort zu erhöhen. It was formerly also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet, while starting with 2014 it has the marketing designation ACJ319. [8] After three years of design, the maiden flight took place at Hamburg on 15 January 2002. The maiden flight of the Airbus A321 came on 11 March 1993, when the prototype, registration F-WWIA, flew with IAE V2500 engines; the second prototype, equipped with CFM56-5B turbofans, flew in May. The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus. Best regards and safe flying Support us. [36] Tests on the lead engine, the Pratt & Whitney PW6000, revealed worse-than-expected fuel consumption. The A320 would carry 150 passengers over 5,280 or 3,440 km (2,850 or 1,860 nmi) using fuel from wing fuel tanks only. It should replace older converted Boeing 757s with 14 positions on the main deck and 10 on the lower, lifting up to 27.9 t (62,000 lb) over 4,300 km (2,300 nmi). Die Version -100 verfügte noch nicht über Winglets, die sogenannten fenced Wingtips und hatte eine geringere Treibstoffkapazität. The A320's flight deck is equipped with Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) with side-stick controllers. [11], Delivery of the first A319, to Swissair, took place on 25 April 1996, entering service by month's end. [82] In January 2010, John Leahy, Airbus's chief operating officer-customers, stated that an all-new single-aisle aircraft was unlikely to be constructed before 2024 or 2025. The A319CJ (rebranded ACJ319) is the corporate jet version of the A319. [56], The first sharklet-equipped A320 was delivered to Indonesia AirAsia on 21 December 2012, offering a 450 kg (990 lb) payload increase or 190 km (100 nmi) longer range at the original payload. Airbus sees a market for 1,000 narrowbody conversions over the 2020-2040 period. The design within the JET study that was carried forward was the JET2 (163 passengers), which then became the Airbus S.A1/2/3 series (Single Aisle), before settling on the A320 name for its launch in 1984. [11] The single-aisle programme created divisions within Airbus about whether to design a shorter-range twinjet rather than a longer-range quadjet wanted by the West Germans, particularly Lufthansa. [11] Airbus considered a fuselage diameter of "the Boeing 707 and 727, or do something better" and settled on a wider cross-section with a 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in) internal width, compared to Boeing's 3.45 m (11 ft 4 in). A 1998 A319 value was $35 million new, was halved by 2009, and reached scrap levels by 2019.[89]. In October 2020, the 500th A320 built in Tianjin, an A320neo, was delivered to China Southern, twelve years after the final assembly line start in 2008. [11] The A319 has proved popular with low-cost airlines such as EasyJet, who has orders for 172, with 172 delivered. [38] Airbus produced a total of 42 A320s per month in 2015, and expects to increase to 50 per month in 2017. Die Airbus A320 ist ein zweistrahliges Kurz- und Mittelstrecken Standardrumpf-Verkehrsflugzeug für maximal 180 Passagiere des europäischen Herstellers Airbus S.A.S.. Indian Airlines used its first 31 A320-200s with double-bogie main landing gear for airfields with poor runway condition which a single-bogie main gear could not manage. [104], By the end of October 2019, the A320 family backlog stood at over 6,000 again, including 78 remaining A320ceos, bringing the total orders to 15,193, surpassing the Boeing 737's total of 15,136 and making the A320 family the world's highest-selling airliner. [11] The group looked at three different variants, covering the 125- to 180-seat market, called SA1, SA2 and SA3. As the A321-100 range was reduced compared to the A320, the heavier and longer range A321-200 development was launched in 1995. As of 2010, as well as the 737, the A320 family faces competition from Embraer's E-195 (to the A318), and the CSeries being developed by Bombardier[74] to the A318/A319. [15] At the time unproven, it was essentially a fan placed outside the engine nacelle, offering speed of a turbofan at turboprops economics; eventually, Airbus stuck with turbofans. Aufbauend auf der A320 wurde in den 1990er-Jahren relativ schnell eine komplette Flugzeugfamilie entwickelt, in der sich alle Versionen die gleichen Grundelemente teilen, jedoch verschiedene Rumpflängen und Passagierkapazitäten aufweisen. [10] Although heavier, this allowed to compete more effectively with the 737. ", "Prices of New A320s Hardly Changed in 20 Years", "Type certificate data sheet No. [67], The A320 retained the dark cockpit (where an indicator is off when its system is running; useful for drawing attention to dysfunctions when an indicator is lit) from the A310, the first widebody designed to be operated without a flight engineer and influenced by Bernard Ziegler, first Airbus CEO Henri Ziegler's son.[68].