[40], During the late 18th century, plans were made to replace the old toll gate at Hyde Park Corner with a grander entrance, following the gentrification of the area surrounding it. This frieze was designed by Mr. Henning, junior, the son of Mr. Henning who was well known for his models of the Elgin Marbles. [17], Hyde Park was a popular duelling spot during the 18th century, with 172 taking place, leading to 63 fatalities. [74], Several main roads run around the perimeter of Hyde Park. Edward Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow fought Andrew Stuart in a Hyde Park duel in 1770. [62], The British Live 8 concert took place in Hyde Park on 2 July 2005, as a concert organised by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise awareness of increased debts and poverty in the third world. The coronation of King George IV in 1821 was celebrated with a fair in the park, including an air balloon and firework displays. [44], As well as Speakers' Corner, several important mass demonstrations have occurred in Hyde Park. The first design was put forward by Robert Adam in 1778 as a grand archway, followed by John Soane's 1796 proposal to build a new palace adjacent to the corner in Green Park. [22][c] The Serpentine was formed by damming the River Westbourne, which runs through the park from Kilburn towards the Thames. Jahrhundert, ursprünglich als sein privater Jagdgrund für Damwild. [60], The music management company Blackhill Enterprises held the first rock concert in Hyde Park on 29 June 1968, attended by 15,000 people. [3], The park's name comes from the Manor of Hyde, which was the northeast sub-division of the manor of Eia (the other two sub-divisions were Ebury and Neyte) and appears as such in the Domesday Book. [58] A further series of demonstrations happened around the world, culminating in the 15 February 2003 anti-war protests, part of a global demonstration against the Iraq War. URL: This page was last changed on 29 May 2020, at 05:07. Im Hyde Park fand 1851 die Weltausstellung in London statt, in deren Zuge der imposante Crystal Palace im Süden des Parks aus Schmiedeeisen und Glas entstand. This included many trees along the great avenues planted by Queen Caroline, which were ultimately replaced by limes and maples. [16] The public did not want the building to remain after the closure of the exhibition, and its architect, Joseph Paxton, raised funds and purchased it. Further north is Paddington, further east is Mayfair and further south is Belgravia. [65] Since 2011, Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park has taken place each September. In 1749, Horace Walpole was robbed while travelling through the park from Holland House. 375–405. Baron Mohun was killed instantly, while the Duke died shortly afterwards. The supergroup Blind Faith (featuring Eric Clapton and Steve Winwood) played their debut gig in Hyde Park on 7 June 1969. Hyde Park covers 142 hectares (350 acres),[5] and Kensington Gardens covers 111 hectares (275 acres),[6] giving a total area of 253 hectares (625 acres). [15] It is believed to be the first road in London to be lit at night, which was done to deter highwaymen. The extent of the whole frontage is about 107 ft (33 m). [25], The Hyde Park Lido sits on the south bank of the Serpentine. Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London. "[19][b], The first coherent landscaping in Hyde Park began in 1726. A further protest occurred a week later, but this time the police attacked the crowd. All these entrances are finished by a blocking, the sides of the central one being decorated with a beautiful frieze, representing a naval and military triumphal procession. It is the largest of four Royal Parks that form a chain from the entrance of Kensington Palace through Kensington Gardens and Hyde Park, via Hyde Park Corner and Green Park past the main entrance to Buckingham Palace. [18] The Hamilton–Mohun Duel took place there in 1712 when Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun fought James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton. [28] As part of the Queen's Silver Jubilee in 1977, a Jubilee Exhibition was set up in Hyde Park,[27] with the Queen and Prince Philip visiting on 30 June. [12][13] During the Great Plague of London in 1665, Hyde Park was used as a military camp. [2] Kensington Gardens has been separate from Hyde Park since 1728, when Queen Caroline divided them. The park is divided in two by the Serpentine Lake. The first protest against the planned 2003 invasion of Iraq took place in Hyde Park on 28 September 2002, with 150,000–350,000 in attendance. [51], The Standing Stone is a 7-tonne (7.7-ton) monolith at the centre of the Dell, in the east of Hyde Park. [67] In July 2012, Bruce Springsteen and Paul McCartney found their microphones switched off after Springsteen had played a three-hour set during the Park's Hard Rock Calling festival, and overshot the 10:30 pm curfew time. The park was established by Henry VIII in 1536 when he took the land from Westminster Abbey and used it as a hunting ground. [41], Following the construction of Buckingham Palace, the improvement plans were revisited. In the late 20th century, the park was known for holding large-scale free rock music concerts, featuring groups such as Pink Floyd, The Rolling Stones and Queen. [42], "It consists of a screen of handsome fluted Ionic columns, with three carriage entrance archways, two-foot entrances, a lodge, etc. The next year, the Italian Water Garden was constructed at Victoria Gate, including fountains and a summer house. It realised £17,000 with an additional £765 6s 2d for the resident deer. Angelegt wurde der Hyde Park, der den Namen eines Herrenhauses trägt, unter Henry VII im 16. Queen Anne's Alcove was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and was moved to the park from its original location in Kensington Gardens. [7] The name is believed to be of Saxon origin, and means a unit of land, the hide, that was appropriate for the support of a single family and dependents. The 2nd Viscount Weymouth was made Ranger of Hyde Park in 1739 and shortly after began digging the Serpentine lakes at Longleat. It is the largest of the four Royal Parks. [63] The gig was the Floyd's final live performance. A large crowd assembled along the Mall to see the Pope arrive for his address. High Street Kensington tube station, on the Circle and District is very close to Kensington Palace located on the Southwest corner of Kensington Gardens. Free speech and demonstrations have been a key feature of Hyde Park since the 19th century. [39] They were later released without charge as police said they posed no credible threat. [14], In 1689, William III moved his residence to Kensington Palace on the far side of Hyde Park and had a drive laid out across its southern edge which was known as the King's Private Road. Der Hyde Park ist 1,4 km² groß, zusammen mit den Kensington Gardens 2,5 km² und somit größer als das Fürstentum Monaco. The Queen and the Prince of Wales made an unexpected appearance at the event. Major improvements occurred in the early 18th century under the direction of Queen Caroline. On 26 July 1886, the Reform League staged a march from their headquarters towards the park, campaigning for increased suffrage and representation. [3] The park has been Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens since 1987. John Wilkes fought Samuel Martin in 1772, as did Richard Brinsley Sheridan with Captain Thomas Mathews over the latter's libellous comments about Sheridan's fiancée Elizabeth Ann Linley. [33], Since 2007, Hyde Park has played host to the annual Winter Wonderland event, which features numerous Christmas-themed markets, along with various rides and attractions, alongside bars and restaurants. CS3 also crosses Hyde Park Corner on its route towards Westminster and the City of London. The gates were manufactured by Messrs. Bramah. Charles I created the Ring (north of the present Serpentine boathouses), and in 1637 he opened the park to the general public. [16], The work was completed in 1733. [46] A rose garden, designed by Colvin & Moggridge Landscape Architects, was added in 1994. The Battle of Trafalgar was re-enacted on the Serpentine, with a band playing the National Anthem while the French fleet sank into the lake. Though the police had closed the park, the crowd managed to break down the perimeter railings and get inside, leading to the event being dubbed "The Hyde Park Railings Affair". [a] During daylight, the two parks merge seamlessly into each other, but Kensington Gardens closes at dusk, and Hyde Park remains open throughout the year from 5 a.m. until midnight. [52] The sculptor Jacob Epstein constructed several works in Hyde Park. [16][21] Work was undertaken under the supervision of Charles Withers, the Surveyor-General of Woods and Forests. It is one of several TfL-coordinated cycle routes to cross the Park. [16], There has been a fountain at Grosvenor Gate since 1863, designed by Alexander Munro. [72] The park has also hosted the ITU World Triathlon Grand Final. It moved to the Serpentine Road when Park Lane was widened to traffic in 1961. [58], The bandstand in Hyde Park was originally built in Kensington Gardens in 1869, moving to its current location in 1886. [41] A botanical curiosity is the weeping beech, which is known as "the upside-down tree". There is another fountain opposite Mount Street on the park's eastern edge. The drive is still in existence as a wide straight gravelled carriage track leading west from Hyde Park Corner across the southern boundary of Hyde Park towards Kensington Palace and now known as Rotten Row, possibly a corruption of rotteran (to muster),[7] Ratten Row (roundabout way), Route du roi, or rotten (the soft material with which the road is covered). The park is divided in two by the Serpentine Lake. The rise of the Internet, particularly blogs, has diminished the importance of Speakers' Corner as a political platform, and it is increasingly seen as simply a tourist attraction. The route opened in September 2018 and is signposted and cyclists are segregated from other road traffic on wide cycle tracks. Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London, England and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner. He had it moved to Sydenham Hill in South London. [16] The row was used by the wealthy for riding in the early 19th century. Hyde Park is 350 acres (1.4 km²), together with Kensington Gardens (275 acres, 1.1 km²) that is in the immediate neighbourhood the parks have an overall area of 625 acres (2.5 km²). The Rolling Stones headlined a concert (later released as The Stones in the Park) on 5 July that year, two days after the death of founding member Brian Jones, and is now remembered as one of the most famous gigs of the 1960s. Several duels took place in Hyde Park during this time, often involving members of the nobility. [42] The Screen and the Arch originally formed a single composition, designed to provide a monumental transition between Hyde Park and Green Park, although the arch was moved in 1883. The latter included a strongpoint where visitors to London could be checked and vetted. The 1872 Parks Regulation Act created positions of "park keeper" and also provided that "Every police constable belonging to the police force of the district in which any park, garden, or possession to which this Act applies is situate shall have the powers, privileges, and immunities of a park-keeper within such park, garden, or possession. Charles I baute den Park weiter aus und machte ihn im 17. [73], There are five London Underground stations located on or near the edges of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens (which is contiguous with Hyde Park). The headliners were Duran Duran, representing England, alongside the Stereophonics for Wales, Paolo Nutini for Scotland and Snow Patrol for Northern Ireland. [61], Queen played a free concert organised by Richard Branson in the park on 18 September 1976, partway through recording the album A Day at the Races. Made of Cornish stone, it was originally part of a drinking fountain, though an urban legend was established, claiming it was brought from Stonehenge by Charles I. It was undertaken by Charles Bridgeman for King George I, but following the king's death the following year, it continued with approval of his daughter-in-law, Queen Caroline. [16] Military executions were common in Hyde Park at this time; John Rocque's Map of London, 1746 marks a point inside the park, close to the Tyburn gallows, as "where soldiers are shot. [47], There are a number of assorted statues and memorials around Hyde Park. [16], One of the most important events to take place in Hyde Park was the Great Exhibition of 1851. [49] To the east of the Serpentine, just beyond the dam, is London's Holocaust Memorial. [2] To the southeast, outside the park, is Hyde Park Corner, beyond which is Green Park, St. James's Park and Buckingham Palace Gardens. [9] It was enclosed as a deer park and remained a private hunting ground until James I permitted limited access to gentlefolk,[10] appointing a ranger to take charge. [31], On 20 July 1982, in the Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings, two devices linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army caused the death of eight members of the Household Cavalry and the Royal Green Jackets and seven horses. [7], Hyde Park was created for hunting by Henry Vlll in 1536 after he acquired the manor of Hyde from the Abbey. In clockwise order starting from the south-east, they are:[74], Bayswater tube station, on the Circle and District lines, is also close to Queensway station and the north-west corner of the park. 'Hyde Park', Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. His memorial to the author William Henry Hudson, featuring his character Rima caused public outrage when it was unveiled in 1925. Visitors brought along placards, stepladders and soap boxes in order to stand out from others, while heckling of speakers was popular. Leider wurde dieser 1936 durch ein Großfeuer zerstört, heute sind nu… Donald Soper, Baron Soper was a regular visitor throughout the 20th century, until just before his death in 1998. [36], On 18 September 2010, Hyde Park was the setting for a prayer vigil with Pope Benedict XVI as part of his visit to the United Kingdom, attended by around 80,000 people. The A4, a major road through West London, runs along the southeastern edge of the park, while the A5, a major road to Milton Keynes and the Midlands runs northwest from Marble Arch. [30] On 6 February, the King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery fired a 41-gun Royal Salute at Hyde Park Corner. [2], In 1652, during the Interregnum, Parliament ordered the then 620-acre (250 ha) park to be sold for "ready money". For the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887, a party was organised on 22 June where around 26,000 school children were given a free meal as a gift. [76][77], By comparison, the combined area of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens is larger than the, Bridgeman was Royal Gardener 1728–38; designed the, "House of Commons Journal Volume 7: 27 November 1652", "Sainsbury's announces Jubilee Family Festival", "Gun salutes mark Queen's Diamond Jubilee", "1982: IRA bombs cause carnage in London", "London Hyde park hosting annual family-friendly Winter Wonderland", "Pope tells Hyde Park crowd that 'they too suffer for their faith, "Not bad for a man maligned as a Teutonic hardliner", "Garden in London's Hyde Park is Britain's Holocaust Memorial", "An Act for the regulation of the Royal Parks and Gardens, 1872", "26 July 1866: The Hyde Park Railings Affair", "Not in our name : Marches and protests against the Iraq War", "Ten demonstrations that changed the world", "The Hyde Park free concerts (1968–1971)", "The story of Pink Floyd's Reunion at Live 8", "London 2012: Stereophonics play Hyde Park Olympic gig", "BBC Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park confirms some huge names", "Westminster Council cuts Hyde Park concert numbers", "Springsteen and McCartney cut off because of sound curfew", "The best of London 2012: Alistair Brownlee on his triathlon gold medal performance", "Alistair and Jonny Brownlee dominate London 2012 triathlon", "East-West Cycle Superhighway (CS3) – Tower Hill to Lancaster Gate – Route alignment", Map showing Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyde_Park,_London&oldid=986917433, Parks and open spaces in the City of Westminster, Grade I listed parks and gardens in London, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:17.